Health – Apa Pun Share

Seorang wanita muda di Australia nyaris hilang penglihatan selepas filler yang disuntik pada bibirnya pecah.

Insiden yang menimpa Mikayla Stutchberry berlaku tidak lama selepas dia menjalani prosedur suntikan filler di sebuah cawangan klinik kecantikan ternama di Victoria.

Mikayla berkata, dia melakukan prosedur itu kerana mahu bibir kelihatan lebih mungil dan menawan.

“Tidak lama selepas menjalani prosedur suntikan filler, bibir saya berasa sakit dan membengkak.

“Ia bertambah buruk apabila bibir saya mula melecet dan mengeluarkan cecair filler berkenaan,” katanya.

Menurutnya, doktor yang merawatnya berkata dia bernasib baik kerana insiden itu tidak meragut nyawanya.

Dia juga dimaklumkan bahawa bibirnya membengkak kerana filler berkenaan mungkin disuntik pada saluran darah.

“Wanita malang ini amat bernasib baik. Dia mungkin buta akibat kecuaian pihak klinik,” kata bekas Presiden Doktor Bedah Plastik Australia, Profesor Mark Ashton.

Sementara itu, klinik Laser Clinics Australia yang menjalankan prosedur suntikan filler tersebut menafikan kakitangannya cuai dan menyifatkan tuduhan wanita berkenaan sebagai tidak berasas.


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Getting your feet wet in a new activity can be difficult at any age, especially if you’ve got to get the rest of your body wet too. But learning how to swim in adulthood is more difficult than in your youth, in part because you may have developed a fear of water.

Overcoming the fear is worth it though, any health and fitness expert will tell you. Swimming is a very healthy exercise, particularly for adults. It’s easy on their joints since the buoyancy of water reduces the impact on them.

“In water we only have to carry 20% to 25% of our body weight,” says Janina-Kristin Goetz, an instructor in the Department of Sport Science at Ruhr University in Bochum, Germany.

Consequently, swimming in warm water can even be relaxing, and in cold water it boosts the body’s energy turnover and causes metabolism to pick up. It’s a full-body exercise as nearly all of your muscles are used.

Also, you can control the stress on your muscles easily, so swimming is well suited to rehabilitation as well as physical conditioning. But, swimming isn’t a magic recipe for fitness since mastery of proper technique is important. This is especially true of the breaststroke.

“As it’s commonly swum, the breaststroke causes massive problems in the neck area and frequently in the lower spine as well,” says Ulrike Urbaniak, who heads the masters sport division of the German Swimming Federation. The reason is the awkward posture of your head if you want to keep it above water.

Especially for adults who are learning to swim, the backstroke is a good way to get started. Breathing, in particular, is easier – you can do it in your own rhythm since your mouth and nose are usually above water.

The first step in becoming a swimmer isn’t proper breathing rhythm or overall technique, but simply getting used to being in the water. Like kids, adults should accustom themselves gradually to being in contact with the element.

“Just splashing about is most important of all,” Urbaniak says, noting that adults need considerably more time to acclimatise to water than children do. Games or simple exercises, such as those done in water aerobics, can help.

Proper technique is also usually harder for adults. “Our motor skills improve from birth until the age of 20. After 30, they decline,” Goetz explains. This is why adults are often unable to master the finer points of swimming technique. An adult’s personal motivation is therefore more important than technique.

If you’re embarrassed by learning to swim at an advanced age or extremely afraid of water, you’ll likely have a rough time of it. You’d then best be served by joining a swimming club, many of which offer special courses for adults – even total neophytes.

“For adults, fear is indeed the main obstacle, and it can be overcome by special exercises and a step-by-step approach,” says swimming club instructor Christina Krusenbaum. So why not take the plunge?


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So I did a little test this week. I asked a few non-gym goers what kind of aerobic activity they did and their answer caught me off-guard.

Most told me they don’t have a flair for aerobics and can’t keep up with the teacher’s moves. Or couldn’t coordinate their legs and hands.

One told me she liked Zumba, but not aerobics.

I was gobsmacked.

Yes, the majority thought “aerobic” meant doing aerobic dance classes – the older ones even associated aerobic with Jane Fonda!

When I rephrased my question and asked if they did any cardiovascular endurance or something to increase their stamina level, thankfully, some understood.

Perhaps because fitness has been part of my life as long as I can recall, I assumed everyone knew what aerobic exercise was.

Aerobic dance is a form of aerobic exercise, but aerobic exercise isn’t just limited to aerobic dance.

Here’s a little lesson on aerobic exercise.

Whether you call it aerobic or cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory endurance, it’s the same thing: getting your heart pumping and oxygenated blood flowing, with the goal of improving your cardiorespiratory health.

Aerobic means something that occurs in the presence of, and requires or uses, oxygen.

So, when the body is able to supply adequate oxygen to sustain performance for long periods of time, this is called aerobic exercise.

Examples include brisk walking, running, cycling and rowing.

On the contrary, an anaerobic activity is the type where you get out of breath in just a few moments.

Examples include when you lift heavy weights for improving strength, when you sprint or when you climb a steep hill.

Basically, you go all out in short bursts of activity, leaving you breathless.

Depending on preferences, some people tend towards aerobic exercises, instead of anaerobic ones.

You can also do an aerobic activity and turn it into an anaerobic one, and vice versa.

It all depends on the intensity in which you are performing the activity.

There are many forms of aerobic activity, and almost any physical activity that is done at a mild to moderate pace can be considered aerobic.

The heart rate increases linearly with exercise effort and this is often used as a measure of the required intensity of exercise.

The harder you work, the faster the heart beats to keep up.

During exercise, blood vessels in the muscles dilate and blood flow is increased in order to increase the available oxygen supply to meet the energy needs of the body.

The additional oxygen that must be taken into the body after vigo-rous exercise to restore all energy systems to their normal states is called oxygen debt.

The more aerobic capacity the body has, the more oxygen is available to the working muscles, which delays the onset of lactic acid at a given work intensity.

Lactic acid is mainly produced in muscle cells and red blood cells. It forms when the body breaks down carbohydrates to use for energy during times of low oxygen levels.

Your body’s oxygen level might drop during intense exercise and when you have an infection or disease.

Symptoms include a burning feeling in your muscles, cramps, nausea, weakness and feeling fatigued.

When you exercise, your body needs to burn some fuel, which is supplied in the form of carbohydrates and fat.

Fat contains nine calories per gramme whereas carbohydrate has only four. So, you get more energy and can go further on a gramme of fat than on a gramme of carbohydrate.

However, you need more oxygen to burn fat because it’s denser than carbohydrate. Hence, only after roughly 30 minutes of exercise does your body start tapping into your fat store and use it as fuel.

In short, for moderate-level activities, you’ve got to work out longer to get into the fat-burning zone.

Fret not, the good news is that your body gets more efficient at using oxygen and burning fat when you do regular aerobic exercise.

How much exercise you require depends on what your health and fitness goals are.

Experts say ongoing aerobic exercise may slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease, a progressive disorder of the nervous system. (Photo courtesy Fotolia/TNS)

According to the 2018 edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans published by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), aerobic exercise varies by three components:

● Intensity – how hard a person works to do the activity, such as moderate (the equivalent of brisk walking) or vigorous (the equivalent of running or jogging).

● Frequency – how often a person does aerobic activity.

● Duration – how long a person does an activity in any one session.

The US HHS recommends that adults aim to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate physical activity, or 75 minutes to 150 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, a week.

As the names would imply, the difference between moderate-intensity exercise and high-intensity exercise is in the intensity of the workout, or the degree to which you’re pushing yourself.

In addition, you should do balance and stretching activities to enhance your flexibility, as well as muscle-strengthening workouts, two or more times a week.

Whatever your preferred exercise intensity, it’s important to choose activities that you enjoy and will stick with in the long run.

Walking, jogging, hiking, dancing and gardening are all great forms of aerobic exercise that you can easily integrate into your day.

After all, aerobic exercise does wonders to improve your health, even if you perform it in shorter segments throughout the day.

From my observation, the ones who like high intensity exercises tend to have a short fuse and a lot of pent-up emotions.

These exercises give them a chance to release their frustrations. After an activity, they’re always much calmer and can think better.

The calmer ones prefer the likes of yoga and taichi.

In reality, the aggressive ones should be incorporating yoga into their routine, and the calmer ones, a bit of high intensity exercises. This would give their characters more balance.

Every session of aerobic exercise should include a warm-up and cool-down.

Remember to always warm up by gradually increasing the pace and intensity of the exercise.

This allows the blood flow to slowly increase the temperature of the muscles, and decreases the likelihood of a muscle or joint injury.

The warm-up should last around seven to 10 minutes.

The cool-down session should last a similar amount of time as the warm-up, with the pace gradually decreasing.

Stretch at the end, when the muscles are warm and toasty.

Every activity carries some risks and you should pay attention to your body’s signals that something is wrong.

If you’re physically sick or simply exhausted, take a break from exercise.

When you return to your regimen, scale back on the intensity or difficulty level to minimise sore muscles and stress on joints.

Do consult your doctor before you embark on an exercise programme.

Those who suffer from diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), heart disease, arthritis, asthma or other health conditions may need additional safety guidelines for exercise.


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Keeping a healthy weight range

October 10, 2019 | Health | No Comments

The series of Malaysian National Health and Morbidity Surveys have reported that the prevalence of those who are overweight and who are suffering from obesity among Malaysians has been on the rise.

The latest report in 2015 found that this problem has reached a high level, with approximately 1 in 3 being overweight and 1 in 6 who are obese. Being overweight, or obesity, results from the accumulation of excessive fat in the body. It generally refers to a higher than normal body weight for a given height.

You can check if you have a weight problem using the body mass index (BMI) method, which is calculated using a simple formula, i.e. BMI = weight (in kg) / height x height (in metres).

A ‘normal’ BMI is between 18.5 and 24.9, while higher BMI generally indicates higher body fat accumulation resulting in being overweight or obesity. A BMI of 25-29.9 indicates a person who is overweight, while values above 30 fall under obesity.

Weight gain and energy balance 

Dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle are the main causes for unhealthy weight gain, which in turn leads to being overweight and obesity.

One important concept to be aware of is energy balance, i.e. the energy you gain from the foods and drinks you consume should not exceed the amount of energy your body uses through physical activities.

If your caloric intake is consistently high but you don’t use as much energy, the excess will be stored as body fat. Conversely, having consistently lower energy intake versus energy use will lead to weight loss as the body will ‘cannibalise’ itself in order to meet this deficit.

Certain foods and beverages are high in calorie (energy dense) and low in essential nutrients. These include foods high in fat, for example, fried foods, dishes with santan, high carbohydrate and sugar foods and beverages (e.g. cakes, kuih-muih, soft drinks and bubble milk teas).

These foods should be consumed in moderation and less frequently.

Losing weight the healthy way 

With the end of the year in sight, it may be a good time to think of changing for the better with the coming new year. So set a new resolution to attain a healthier weight. Some things you can do include:

• Switching to a healthy diet: The best option is home cooking with fresh ingredients and less processed ingredients. If you eat out, opt for foods that are steamed, braised, grilled or stir-fried; choose deep-fried foods less often. Avoid all-you-can-eat buffets to prevent overeating!

• Cutting down sugar intake: Limit your intake of sugar-sweetened foods and drinks. Sugar is an ‘empty calorie’ ingredient with no nutritional value.

• Being more physically active: Accumulate at least an hour of physical activity every day, e.g. brisk walking, jogging, running, cycling or any light exercise. Do heavier exercises or sports that raise your breathing and heart rate at least once a week. Take it slow if your fitness level is poor; slowly increase the intensity over time.

• Creating a ‘new’ family tradition/culture: This greatly influences children later when they reach adulthood. If your family always eats at fast food restaurants, this sends a wrong message to children that it is ‘normal’. Set the right tone from young by having homecooked meals as often as possible.

Other good habits to inculcate from young include getting enough sleep daily and managing stress levels.

There are also new studies that suggest the possibility of manipulating the composition of the gut microbiota as a novel method of ‘treating’ obesity. The gut microbiota is a collection of microorganisms living in our gut that are linked with how our body digests and absorbs nutrients from food.

Scientific evidence on how probiotics may be beneficial in reducing body fat/weight and weight gain shows promise. In general, probiotics are good bacteria that provide us with health benefits that also help improve our digestive system and nutrition absorption.

Therefore include foods rich in good bacteria in your diet, such as fermented food (e.g. kimchisauerkrauttempeh, etc.) or cultured milk drinks which contain probiotic live cultures, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus paracasei.

Lose weight slowly and steadily

Gradual weight loss is preferable for lowering the risk of unwanted health problems. Don’t be too focused on losing a specific amount of weight per week/month, but set a more modest target, e.g. 5-10% weight loss from your current body weight in six months’ time.

There are also plenty of tools you can use to help you stay on track. Pedometers help track the number of steps you have taken in a day, and there are mobile apps to help you keep track of your caloric intake, physical activity and weight loss.

Most important of all, don’t be too upset if things don’t go according to schedule. Remember, the most significant ‘weapon’ in your battle against the bulge is your commitment to ‘gaining’ a healthy weight, and consistency in sticking to a healthier lifestyle.


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NEW YORK – People who increase their consumption of sodas, juices and other sweet drinks over time are more likely than those who don’t to develop diabetes, a US study suggests.

Researchers examined over two decades of data from more than 192,000 men and women who worked in nursing or other healthcare jobs.

None of the participants had diabetes at the start of the study; by the end almost 12,000 people had developed the disease.

After accounting for how much people weighed and their overall eating patterns, researchers found that those who increased their total consumption of sugary drinks by a half serving a day over four years were 16% more likely to develop diabetes over the next four-year period.

With the same daily half-serving increase in artificially-sweetened drinks, the odds went up 18%.

“Even though consumption of 100% fruit juices has been considered a healthy alternative to sugar-sweetened beverages because of the vitamins and minerals in fruit juices, they typically contain similar amounts of sugar and calories as sugar-sweetened beverages,” said Jean-Philippe Drouin-Chartier, lead author of the study and a nutrition researcher at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.

The study results “raise concerns about the negative health effects of sugary beverages, regardless of whether the sugar is added or naturally occurring,” Drouin-Chartier said by email.

The researchers focused on type 2 diabetes in the study, the most common form of the disease, which is associated with obesity and aging.

They also found that when people replaced sodas, juices and other sugary beverages with other kinds of drinks, their risk of developing diabetes went down.

Replacing one serving a day of sugary drinks with water, coffee or tea, was associated with a 2% to 10% lowering of diabetes risk. The data did not include information about whether people added sugar to their coffee or tea, the study team notes.

The analysis also wasn’t designed to prove whether or how drink selections might directly impact the development of diabetes.

It’s possible that diet sodas and other artificially-sweetened drinks were tied to higher diabetes risk because people switched to these beverages after they developed diabetes or realised they were on track to get the disease, the study team acknowledges in Diabetes Care.

However, the results should still serve as a reminder that even some sugary drinks that people think of as healthy – like orange juice – can still lead to elevated blood sugar and contribute to the development of diabetes, said Dr. Robert Cohen, a diabetes researcher at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine in Ohio, who wasn’t involved in the study.

“Sugary beverages that people might otherwise think of as being healthy provide a load of sugar (sucrose) which gets broken down to glucose and raises blood glucose,” Cohen said by email.

“Removing or markedly reducing beverages like fruit juices can have a dramatic effect to improve blood sugar control.”


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Many parents see a smartwatch as the perfect alternative to a smartphone for their child, especially at the start of secondary school.

The child can make and receive calls from a set of contacts that parents choose, send and receive voice mail, and press an SOS button that alerts parents in an emergency.

But that’s not all. Thanks to a GPS tracker, Mama and Papa can follow the child’s location on their smartphones.

They can also keep tabs on who the child speaks with on the watch phone.

Media experts warn against excessive supervision, however, such as using a smartwatch voice-monitoring feature that allows parents to hear ambient noise without being heard themselves.

“This infringes on the child’s freedom and privacy,” says Kristin Langer, a media coach for a Ger-man group that is backed by the federal government and public broadcasters, that advises parents and teachers on children’s use of digital media.

She says teachers have told her that some parents even listen in on their child’s classes.

“It’s illegal to tap into schools, which aren’t public spaces,” Langer points out, adding that starting school is a step towards independence for a child, and entering secondary school a further step.

“Children who learn that their parents are eavesdropping on them via the watch or reading their chats, or who are questioned, ‘Who were you gabbing with on the corner for 15 minutes,’ feel it to be a major betrayal of trust,” she warns.

Langer recommends that parents configure the smartwatch together with the child and that they jointly decide on the features to be used.

“If the child can confidently use the internet and behave responsibly, he or she can also use a childproofed smartphone,” she says.


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Malaysia is planning to introduce strict regulations on the sale and use of electronic cigarettes and vaporisers, health officials said on Tuesday (Oct 1), as countries around the world move to ban devices that have been linked to deaths and youth addiction.

India, which has the second-largest population of adult smokers in the world, banned the sale of e-cigarettes last month as it warned of a vaping “epidemic” among young people.

Public health officials in the United States recommended against using e-cigarettes after 12 deaths and 805 cases of illnesses linked to e-cigarette use were reported.

The global market for e-cigarettes was worth US$15.7 billion (S$21.74 billion) in 2018, according to data from Euromonitor International, and is projected to more than double to US$40 billion in 2023.

Malaysia wants to club e-cigarettes and vaporisers together with tobacco products under a single law that would prohibit promotions and advertising, usage in public areas and use by minors, the Health Mnistry said.

“Increasingly more studies have shown vape/electronic cigarettes… are still harmful to human health. Furthermore, vapes/e-cigarettes are still not proven to be an effective modality to quit smoking,” it said in an e-mail.

The ministry said the recent spate of deaths and illnesses linked to e-cigarette use in the United States added urgency to Malaysia’s review of its policies.

An estimated five million Malaysians aged 15 and older are smokers out of a total population of about 32 million, according to the most recent national health and morbidity survey by the Health Ministry in 2015.

The final draft of the new Tobacco Control and Smoking Act has been completed and submitted to the attorney-general for a final review, the ministry said.

“We really hope that the new Act can be tabled in Parliament next year,” the ministry’s e-mail said.

Tobacco products in Malaysia are currently regulated under the Food Act but there are no specific regulations governing the sale and use of vaporisers and e-cigarettes.

However, a ban on vaporiser liquids containing nicotine has been in place since November 2015.

The world’s vaping industry, which has seen rapid growth, has faced growing public backlash over concerns of increased use by young people.

In a letter to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last month, a bipartisan group of US senators urged an immediate ban on pod and cartridge-based e-cigarettes, which they say are favoured by youths, until it can be proven the products are safe.

India’s nationwide prohibition, the world’s first, would cut off a huge future market from e-cigarette makers such as Juul Labs and Philip Morris International, which have plans to expand their operations in the country.


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Increasing nut consumption by just half a serving (14g or half an ounce) a day is linked to less weight gain and a lower risk of obesity, suggests a large, long-term observational study, published on Sept 23, 2019, in the online journal BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

Substituting unhealthy foods such as processed meats, french fries and potato chips with a half a serving of nuts may be a simple strategy to ward off the gradual weight gain that often accompanies the ageing process, suggest the researchers.

On average, American adults pile on one pound or nearly half a kilogramme every year. Gaining 2.5kg to 10kg in weight is linked to a significantly greater risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Nuts are rich in healthy unsaturated fats, vitamins, minerals and fibre, but they are calorie-dense, and therefore not often thought good for weight control. But emerging evidence suggests that the quality of what’s eaten may be as important as the quantity.

Amid modest increases in ave-rage nut consumption in the United States over the past two decades, the researchers wanted to find out if these changes might affect weight control.

They analysed information on weight, diet and physical activity in three groups of people: 51,529 male health professionals aged 40 to 75 enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow Up Study; 121,700 nurses aged 35 to 55 in the Nurses Health Study (NHS); and 116,686 nurses aged 24 to 44 in the Nurses Health Study II (NHS II).

Over more than 20 years of monitoring, participants were asked every four years to state their weight, and how often, over the preceding year, they had eaten a serving (28g or 1oz) of nuts, including peanuts and peanut butter.

Average weekly exercise – walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, racquet sports and gardening – was assessed every two years by questionnaire. It was measured in metabolic equivalent of task (MET) hours, which express how much energy (calories) is expended per hour of physical activity.

Average annual weight gain across all three groups was 0.32kg.

Between 1986 and 2010, total nut consumption rose from a quarter to just under half a serving per day in men; and from 0.15 to 0.31 servings per day among the women in the NHS study. Between 1991 and 2011, total daily nut consumption rose from 0.07 to 0.31 servings among women in the NHS II study.

Increasing consumption of any type of nut was associated with overall less long-term weight gain and a lower risk of becoming obese (defined as a BMI of 30 or more). Increasing nut consumption by half a serving a day was associated with a lower risk of putting on two or more kilogrammes over any four-year period.

A daily half-serving increase in walnut consumption was associated with a 15% lower risk of obesity.

Substituting processed meats, refined grains or desserts, including chocolates, pastries, pies and doughnuts, for half a serving of nuts was associated with staving off weight gain of between 0.41kg and 0.70kg in any four-year period.

Within any four-year period, upping daily nut consumption from none to at least half a serving was associated with staving off 0.74kg in weight, a lower risk of moderate weight gain and a 16% lower risk of obesity, compared with not eating any nuts.

And a consistently higher nut intake of at least half a serving a day was associated with a 23% lower risk of putting on five or more kilogrammes and of becoming obese over the same timeframe.

No such associations were observed for increases in peanut butter intake. The findings held true after taking account of changes in diet and lifestyle, such as exercise and alcohol intake.

However, the data relied on personal report, which may have affected accuracy, while only white, relatively affluent health professionals were included, so the findings may not be more widely applicable.

But the findings echo those of previous observational studies, note the researchers, who attempt to explain the associations they found.

They suggest that as chewing nuts takes some effort, it leaves less energy for eating other things, while the high fibre content of nuts can delay stomach emptying, making a person feel sated and full for longer.

Nut fibre also binds well to fats in the gut, meaning that more calories are excreted. And there is some evidence that the high unsaturated fat content of nuts increases resting energy expenditure, which may also help to stave off weight gain.

Snacking on a handful of nuts, rather than biscuits or potato chips. may help to ward off the weight gain that often accompanies ageing and is a relatively manageable way of helping to curb the onset of obesity, they suggest. And a nut habit is likely to be good for the planet, they add.

“In addition to the impact on human health, using environmentally-friendly plant-based protein, such as nuts and seeds, to replace animal sources of protein may contribute to the promotion of a global sustainable food system,” they write.


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TIDAK boleh mengandung menjadi lesen kepada lelaki miang mendekati wanita tanpa rahim atau penghidap Sindrom Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser (MRKH), semata-mata untuk melampiaskan nafsu.

Lelaki gila seks ini juga tanpa segan silu sanggup mendekati kumpulan sokongan pesakit ini, MRKH Malaysia bagi mencari ‘isteri’ untuk bermalam.

Situasi ini kedengaran keterlaluan namun itulah yang dialami wanita istimewa ini kerana dianggap pilihan terbaik untuk aktiviti seks tanpa perlindungan.

Atas dasar itu, pengasas MRKH Malaysia, Nur Syazwani Abdul Rahim atau lebih dikenali sebagai Wani Ardy, 35, bertanggungjawab melindungi ahli daripada lelaki ini.

Wani berkata, dia hanya menyedari perkara itu selepas beberapa kali didekati dan mengambil langkah berjaga-jaga.

“Mereka kononnya nak cari isteri kedua atau ketiga, ada juga yang nak cari isteri wanita MRKH supaya dia ada sebab untuk berkahwin lebih daripada satu.

“Mungkin mereka ingat kami boleh dipermainkan. Jadi, saya rasa ada keperluan untuk melindungi wanita ini supaya tidak terjerat,” katanya ketika ditemui di sini.

Menjelaskan lanjut, Wani berkata, sindrom MRKH adalah keadaan seorang wanita dilahir tanpa rahim dan saluran vagina, serta tidak boleh hamil.

“Simptom utama adalah tidak datang haid. Saya mengetahui menghidap sindrom ini ketika berusia 17 tahun selepas ibu membawa membuat pemeriksaan kerana tidak datang haid.

“Doktor yang memeriksa tidak menemui rahim dalam badan saya, malah saya juga tidak mempunyai saluran vagina,” katanya.

Anak kedua daripada empat adik-beradik itu berkata, ketika dimaklumkan mengenai penyakit itu dia sangat naif hanya menganggap ia tidak serius.

“Sebenarnya perkara itu memberi kesan kepada ibu saya sebagai wanita yang matang dia lebih tahu apa kesannya jika wanita tidak boleh mengandung.

“Sehinggakan ibu minta saya tidak berkahwin dan tinggal bersamanya hingga tua,” katanya yang pernah berkahwin selama lapan tahun dan mempunyai seorang anak berusia tujuh tahun dinamakan Ikhlas.

Wani berkata, pada 1970-an dan 1980-an, kebanyakan pakar perubatan tidak mempunyai banyak maklumat mengenai penyakit ini dan ia dianggap pelik.

Disebabkan itu, katanya, hampir semua pesakit MRKH diberi salah diagnosis.

“Bila ke klinik memaklumkan tidak datang haid, doktor akan memberi pil hormon.

“Kebanyakan kami pernah makan pil hormon untuk tempoh masa lama, tapi memang tak jadi apa-apa sebab tiada rahim untuk proses itu,” katanya.

Katanya, perkara paling memeritkan mereka turut dipandang negatif oleh keluarga sendiri.

“Mereka tidak dibenarkan berkahwin, jika sudah bertunang pun diminta putus. Semua orang cakap jangan kahwin sebab nanti menyusahkan orang lain,” katanya.

Wani yang sudah berkahwin baharu beberapa bulan lalu berkata, fasa kehidupan wanita MRKH agak celaru pada peringkat usia remaja.

Katanya, ada antara gadis MRKH berpura-pura membawa tuala wanita ke sekolah semata-mata untuk menunjukkan mereka datang bulan, tidak kurang juga yang ‘menipu’ ustazah kononnya uzur ketika diminta solat di sekolah.

“Niat mereka bukan menipu, tetapi untuk menunjukkan mereka juga normal. Itu cara mereka deal supaya tidak rasa kekurangan pada diri masing-masing,” katanya.

Katanya, pada usia 20-an pula, kebanyakan mereka takut untuk mempunyai hubungan serius dan ada yang berpendapat tidak berkahwin lagi senang.

Namun, di sebalik kekurangan ini, Wani menjelaskan wanita MRKH mempunyai semangat kuat untuk menepis persepsi negatif terutama pada usia 30 hingga 40-an.

Katanya, ramai dalam kalangan ahli mereka menjalani hidup bahagia bersama suami, anak dan ada karier sendiri.

“Memang ambil masa bertahun-tahun untuk mencapai tahap ini kerana bukan mudah membina keyakinan diri dan mendapat sistem sokongan kuat daripada orang sekeliling.

“Itulah pentingnya diagnosis awal. Kalau umur sudah lebih 17 tahun, tak datang haid, mesti jumpa pakar sakit puan,” katanya.

Menurutnya, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz (HCTM) UKM, adalah satu-satunya hospital yang mempunyai pakar dan membuat kajian mengenai MRKH di negara ini.

Wani berkata, selain rawatan di hospital, individu disahkan menghidap sindrom ini boleh dirujuk ke MRKH Malaysia untuk dibantu.

“Peranan kami adalah memberi sokongan mental, emosi serta panduan bagaimana menjalani kehidupan sebagai wanita atau gadis MRKH.

“Doktor hanya boleh beri maklumat mengenai penyakit dan rawatan, kalau datang kepada kami, mereka akan dibantu menerusi sesi perbincangan hati ke hati,” katanya.

Harian Metro

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Seorang ayah dari Erie, Pennsylvania, berkongsi paparan X-ray paru-paru anaknya, Anthony, 19, yang dipenuhi minyak vape yang telah tepu.

Anthony, antara salah seorang pesakit yang menghidap masalah paru-paru berkaitan vape dimasukkan ke hospital minggu lepas selepas mengalami kesukaran untuk bernafas.

Ayah Anthony, Keith Mayo, berkata kepada media yang anaknya diberitahu doktor bahawa paru-parunya seperti paru-paru orang berusia 60 tahun yang menghisap rokok dua kotak sehari.

Anthony, 19

Keith berkata lagi yang anaknya telah menghisap vape selama dua tahun sebelum menghidapi penyakit paru-paru itu. Anthony juga dikatakan menggunakan cecair vape berperisa seperti gula-gula kapas, rasberi dan juga THC, sejenis perisa berasaskan ganja.

Keith berkata, “Ianya tepu. Segala yang ada dalam paru-parunya tepu.”

Dia juga berkata yang doktor membayangkan minyak yang tepu itu umpama minyak masak yang telah sejuk selepas digunakan.

Anthony kini masih menjalani rawatan selain diberi oksigen 100 peratus untuk membantunya bernafas selain memudahkan dia mengeluarkan minyak yang tepu itu melalui batuk.

Paparan X-ray paru-paru Anthony yang dipenuhi minyak cecair vape yang telah tepu

Keith berharap anaknya mampu dan cepat sembuh disebabkan usianya yang masih muda.

Penyakit paru-paru berkaitan vape semakin parah di U.S dengan 7 kematian dan 530 orang yang telah didiagnos menghidapi penyakit itu. Malah kerajaan U.S turut menyaran orang ramai untuk menghentikan aktiviti vaping sementara siasatan dan kajian masih dijalankan berkaitan epidemik ini.


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