Any amount of regular running is associated with a lower risk of dying prematurely, particularly from cancer or heart disease, compared to not running at all, a research review suggests.
Researchers examined data from 14 previous studies with a total of 232,149 adults who were followed for 5.5 to 35 years. During that time, 25,951 of them died.
Compared to individuals who didn’t run at all, those who did were 27 per cent less likely to die for any reason during the study, 30 per cent less likely to die of cardiovascular disease and 23 per cent less likely to die of cancer.
The frequency, duration, pace and total weekly running time didn’t appear to impact the lowered mortality risk associated with running, the analysis found.
“Increased rates of participation in running, regardless of its dose, would probably lead to substantial improvements in population health and longevity,” Zeljko Pedisic of the Institute for Health and Sport at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia, and colleagues write in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
“Any amount of running, even just once a week, is better than no running, but higher doses of running may not necessarily be associated with greater mortality benefits,” Pedisic and colleagues write.
The World Health Organisation recommends that adults aged 18 to 64 get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or at least 75 minutes of intense activity every week.
Ideally, each exercise session should last at least 10 minutes.
Moderate-intensity activities can include things like brisk walking, gardening, ballroom dancing, water aerobics or a leisurely bike ride.
Vigorous exercise includes things like jogging, lap swimming and cycling at a minimum of 10 miles per hour, according to the American Heart Association.
The current analysis, however, suggests that running much less than these guidelines recommend could still make a big difference, the researchers conclude.
For example, running no more than once a week for less than 50 minutes at a speed below 6 mph (or below 8 kph) still seemed to be associated with longevity benefits.
This means running for 25 minutes less than the recommended weekly duration of vigorous physical activity could boost longevity, the researchers note.
This makes running a potentially good option for those whose main obstacle to exercise is lack of time, they say.
But upping the “dose” by running longer than the guidelines suggest wasn’t associated with a further lowering of the risk of death from any cause, the analysis showed.
The analysis wasn’t designed to prove whether or how running might impact death rates.
And the studies included in the analysis did not account completely for other factors that might influence the results, such as illnesses besides cancer or heart disease that could prevent some people from running and contribute to their earlier death, the authors note.
In addition, the analysis doesn’t show how much running is ideal, how fast people should go, or how long or far each workout should be for optimal longevity benefits.
For many of us, our approach to typing on a smartphone is something we stumble upon. Unlike composing words on a typewriter or computer keyboard, there is no widely taught, proper way.
If speed is the goal, however, a study of around 37,000 people suggests that one particular approach is better than others: Writing with two thumbs and embracing autocorrect, but avoiding predictive text.
“That is basically the trick of typing quickly,” said Dr Per Ola Kristensson, a professor of interactive systems engineering at the University of Cambridge and one of the authors of the study, which was presented at a human-computer interaction conference in Taipei.
The study focused on the stubbornly persistent Qwerty keyboard, which was originally designed to minimise mechanical typing jams in typewriters. Despite questions about its utility and the emergence of alternate systems, much of the world still relies on the setup.
To conduct the study, researchers asked volunteers from around 160 countries to memorise a series of sentences and write them both on desktop keyboards and mobile phones.
There has never been another typing study on this scale, according to the researchers, but they said that when they compared their findings with smaller studies, the gap in speed between the two devices appeared to be shrinking. When smartphones first came out, people typed about 20 to 25 words per minute, said Dr Anna Feit, a researcher in human-computer interaction at ETH Zurich and another author of the study. Now people average 37 to 40 words per minute, she said.
As the authors write in their study, the average person is nearly 70 per cent as fast on a phone as on a laptop. One remarkable typist hit 85 words per minute on a mobile device.
Dr Pedro Lopes, a professor of human-computer interaction at the University of Chicago, who was not involved in the study, said the results signalled a “paradigm shift”. That change is even more evident among young people. On average, subjects between the ages of 10 and 19 were about 10 words per minute faster on smartphones than people in their 40s.
One unexpected finding was that a significant number of subjects used a two-finger typing system on full-size computer keyboards. However they approached typing, those who used predictive text generally wrote more slowly. Examining word predictions and making a choice is far slower than using autocorrect, Dr Kristensson said.
Dr Jack Dennerlein, an ergonomics researcher at Northeastern University’s Bouvé College of Health Sciences, said the study reinforced what other studies have shown: Two-handed typing is faster than one-handed typing.
But the limits on speed involve more than the kind of keyboard or the dexterity of the individual. There is also the element of imagination, said Dr Kristensson, who is an inventor of gesture typing, a swiping technique intended to save time. No matter the system, people cannot exceed 120 words a minute, he said, because they cannot come up with what to say that quickly.
“Typing rates are bounded by our creativity,” he said.
Regardless of speed, most of us are not that original: Half of the words people text are the most frequently used 200 words in English, he said.
WHEN flutist Ayawan Musafir Singgah, 53, told his mother about quitting his engineering job to pursue his dreams as a street artiste in 2007, she called him a fool.
“I told my mother that if I had to choose between wealth and peace, I would choose the latter.
“I had to convince my wife about my decision too and finally she relented. Life has not been easy moving from a stable income job to relying on people’s generosity.
“It has been over a decade since I took the big leap of faith and by God’s grace, I have survived, ” said the father of nine, whose real name is Mohd Shahriznam Sahrie.
Ayawan said he started playing the flute at the age of 17.
“My brother-in-law made a bamboo flute but could not play it, so he gave it to me. I blew into the flute and moved my fingers instinctively, and was surprised by the sounds that came out of it. Playing the flute was very natural for me.
“There was no end to my obsession with playing the flute. I started composing songs and performing on the streets in the evenings when I still had my day job.
“After becoming an artiste full-time, I realised that the money was not good, despite me also playing the guitar, writing songs and poetry, singing and painting on the side.
“People laughed at my determination because even talented buskers performing famous songs were barely surviving, so what more for me who “only” played the flute and that too only my own compositions.
“I opened a karaoke cafe hoping to get more income. I tried it for a few years and struggled to stay afloat, ” he said.
In 2010, the Perak-born self-taught musician who was based in Penang decided to move to Kuala Lumpur in search of more opportunities.
“Back then, people in the kampung believed that if you wanted to be successful, you must go to the capital city.
“It is true for me because I got many job offers here, apart from just busking.
“At present, I play the flute at two hotels in the city. On other days, I perform on crowded streets such as in Brickfields,
Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur Citywalk and outside KLCC LRT station.
“Despite getting gigs at hotels, I am still drawn to performing on the street.
“My music is for the masses and the only way to reach them is by playing on the street for all to enjoy.
“I make between RM200 and RM1,000 in two to three hours of busking.
“I have also worked in movies such as Langsuir (2018) and Lari Hantu Lari (2017).
“I produced my first album in 2017 titled Magic of Life, which features 77 minutes and seven seconds of continuous flute playing with seven types of bamboo flutes.
“My recent achievement was winning the silver medal at the Malaysian Championship of Performing Arts 2019 to qualify for the World Championship Of Performing Arts in California, the United States. However, I did not go because I could not get a sponsor.
“I have also taught many people to play the flute. Many tourists, especially foreigners are eager to learn. I teach the techniques and they pay me a token sum. Some even return for a refresher session.
“Art is God’s gift. I am not the owner of it but merely passing on the knowledge, so I never put a price on my work.
“I am blessed to have people like my wife Nur Farhana George Abdullah, who has always stood by me, as well as talent scout George Fuad, Malaysian Buskers Club president Wadi Hamdan and film director Mamat Khalid who have helped me be where I am today as an artiste.
“My policy in life is simple… be nice, be cool and relax.
“When you hear the soothing sounds of my flute, you are sure to be calmed. That is why I love what I do. It reflects the person that I am… a spiritual nature native artiste, ” he said.
The haze in Malaysia has been worsening lately and looks like it won’t be letting up any time soon.
According to the Air Pollutant Index of Malaysia website, Johan Setia in Klang recorded API readings of 214. Any reading above 200 is considered very unhealthy, and several schools in Klang and Kuala Langat have been forced to close due to the haze.
To counter the harmful effects of haze, Malaysians have been putting on face masks and staying indoors as much as possible.
Besides the unpleasant smoky smell and decreased visibility, haze can also lead to various health concerns. For most people, haze can potentially cause teary eyes, headaches, coughs, asthma attacks, dry throats, and other respiratory ailments.
That’s why it’s important to minimise your exposure to haze as best as you can, especially if you have existing heart or lung conditions. Nevertheless, even staying indoors may not keep you completely safe from the effects of haze.
If the hazy weather’s been getting to you, these mini Air+Surface Sterilizers from Medklinn may be just what you need.
These stylish Air+Surface Sterilizers come in various sizes to give you fresh air wherever you go. Especially when it gets hazy, Medklinn Air+Surface Sterilizers will help to remove up to 99.99% of harmful substances in the air and on surfaces.
The best part is that it’s completely zero hassle! No filters, no cleaning, all you have to do is change the cartridge once a year.
Medklinn’s patented Cerafusion Technology creates Active Oxygen, just like nature. It eliminates up to 99.9% of pollutants in any indoor space, sterilizing both air and surfaces naturally, without any chemicals.
Besides helping you beat the haze, Medklinn Air+Surface Sterilizers also help you break free from sinus allergies, bad smells, and cross infections. This means you can enjoy fresh air and complete peace of mind at all times.
GUNTUR (INDIA): Seorang wanita berusia 74 tahun didakwa menjadi individu paling tua di dunia yang berjaya melahirkan anak, kata doktor di sebuah hospital di Andra Pradesh, India.
NDTV melaporkan, Mangayamma yang menggunakan kaedah persenyawaan in-vitro (IVF) selamat melahirkan bayi kembarnya di bandar Guntur hari ini.
Wanita yang berasal dari Nelapartipadu itu tidak mempunyai anak selepas 54 tahun mendirikan rumah tangga dengan suami, Y Raja Rao sebelum membuat keputusan untuk menjalani IVF.
Times Now News yang memetik Dr Shanakkayala Umashankar berkata, laporan ujian yang dilakukan sebelum itu menunjukkan Mangayamma sihat untuk hamil.
“Ini adalah keajaiban perubatan. Dia tidak mempunyai penyakit seperti darah tinggi, kencing manis malah sejarah perubatan keluarga juga amat baik. Selepas menjalani beberapa ujian, kami meneruskan IVF sebelum berjaya hamil,” katanya.
MENGAMBIL inspirasi daripada peniaga kopi kenderaan saji di New Zealand, seorang pesara tentera tampil menjual minuman itu menggunakan kenderaan dengan caranya tersendiri.
Mohd Ariff Saharudin, 45, akan membuka bonet belakang kenderaan utiliti sukan (SUV) Kia Sportage dan menyusun pelbagai peralatan membancuh kopi di atas meja di tepi jalan.
Uniknya, kenderaan digunakan itu sudah diubah suai sepenuhnya menyerupai kaunter membancuh kopi seperti di kafe yang menyediakan minuman itu sebagai hidangan utama.
Mohd Ariff berkata, idea menjual minuman itu timbul selepas dia mengikut isteri menghadiri kursus di Australia selama setahun dan bercuti di New Zealand pada 2004.
Dia yang ketika itu bekerja sebagai jurulatih fizikal Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (ATM) mengambil cuti tanpa gaji bagi menemani isteri.
Katanya, dia amat meminati minuman kopi dan di sana dia sering berkunjung ke kafe yang menjual kopi lalu tertarik dengan bau harum serta keenakan rasanya.
“Apabila bercuti ke New Zealand, saya lihat ada peniaga menggunakan van untuk menjual kopi di tepi jalan dan tertarik dengan konsep itu.
“Saya mula memasang niat untuk melakukan perkara sama apabila kembali ke Malaysia. Ketika itu juga saya berangan-angan untuk menyediakan bancuhan kopi terbaik khas buat pelanggan.
“Sebaik pulang ke Seremban pada 2005, saya mula membeli mesin dan peralatan membancuh kopi sedikit demi sedikit. Saya kemudian mengubah suai SUV mengikut idea sendiri dan semua dilakukan itu menelan kos lebih RM50,000,” katanya di rumahnya di Rasah, di sini, semalam.
Menurut Mohd Ariff, dia memulakan perniagaan secara sambilan sebelum melakukan sepenuh masa selepas bersara pada 2017.
Katanya, dia berniaga di tepi jalan di Ampangan dan Sendayan setiap hari kecuali Selasa secara bergilir-gilir antara jam 7 pagi hingga 11 pagi dan pada hujung minggu pula jam 6 petang hingga 12 tengah malam di Sendayan.
Katanya, apa dilakukan itu kerana minat dan mahu berkongsi kenikmatan rasa kopi dengan pelanggan, selain mengisi masa terluang.
“Saya tidak mengharapkan pulangan lumayan sebaliknya berpuas hati apabila pelanggan memuji rasa kopi yang dibancuh. Adakalanya, tiada pelanggan yang datang dan saya hanya bancuh kopi untuk minum sendiri.
“Untuk membuat seni kopi contohnya bentuk bunga dan hati pada lapisan permukaan minuman menuntut masa agak lama sebelum boleh menghasilkan hiasan yang cantik.
“Selain itu, pembancuh kopi perlu mengetahui teknik betul untuk mendapatkan hasil yang baik seperti sukatan tepat. Sekiranya salah, kopi tidak akan menjadi. Semua itu saya kaji dan belajar sendiri,” katanya.
A millennial is putting a snazzy spin on an old-fashioned hobby, writes Aznim Ruhana Md Yusup
CROCHET Commuter was born when Chua Pei Wen was working in Kuala Lumpur city centre. The 28-year-old was travelling daily by LRT from her home in Subang Jaya and whenever she found a seat, she would take out her yarn and hook and crochet away.
“People would look at me strangely. Only one person has ever asked what I was doing,” she says. “Doing crochet was a productive way to pass time and there were times when I even wished my commute was longer!”
The finance executive is working closer to home these days and no longer takes the LRT, but she is still crocheting every spare moment she gets. Her Instagram account @CrochetCommuter is filled with her handiwork, and she has no plans to stop.
“I have always dabbled in arts and crafts such as sewing and embroidery work. I started to crochet last year, which is not very long ago, but I have done many projects since then. I find inspiration online from YouTube or Instagram but I also put my own spin on things using different colors and patterns,” she says.
Chua finds crochet to be calming and time certainly flies when she is doing it. She gets comments that it is an old-fashioned hobby, something only aunties or grandmothers do, but she enjoys seeing the end product, and there are plenty of contemporary styles to get inspired by.
Her favorite crochetmaker is Molla Mills from Finland and her designs epitomises Scandinavian cool with their bold motifs, geometric lines and modern color palette. Designers such as Missoni and Self-Portrait are also known for using crochet in their ready-to-wear collections.
THE CRAFT OF CROCHET
Given the use of yarn for both crochet and knitting, some might think they are the same thing.
But the latter uses two pointed sticks called knitting needles while crochet only uses one, which has a hook at one end. (The name “
crochet” is French in origin and means small hook.) This leads to different stitching methods and opting for one over the other is a matter of personal preference.
“I tried knitting first but it was not for me,” says Chua. “So I moved on to crochet and I find that it is more versatile and I can improvise the techniques to make what I want. You only need one stick but it comes in different sizes, and what you use depends on the yarn and the size of the product you want to make.”
The size of the stick correlates to how close the stitches are to one another. The smaller the stick, the closer the stitches. This results in a product with less stretch, which is ideal for things like purses or coasters.
A bigger crochet hook, on the other hand, will create stitches with bigger gaps. This makes the product more expandable so it is useful for making products that need a bit of give such as scarves or shopping bags.
“It is more difficult using a smaller stick because you need to squeeze through smaller gaps and you tend to have thread that is thicker than the needle. You can use the same yarn with different sized sticks to make the same product, and one will be bigger than the other,” says Chua.
There are different types of stitches used in crochet, resulting in different textures and designs. The action is mostly repetitive and there is a strict instruction on how many stitches are required for a particular design. This adds up to become a crochet pattern, which is crochet’s version of a recipe for making products.
“There is a lot of counting in crochet, otherwise you won’t end up with the pattern that you want. You also need to be consistent in how tight or loose the stitches are because it will look all squiggly if you are not. You cannot pull harder when you start and when you get tired, the stitches get looser. So it is a matter of finding out what you are comfortable with and sticking with that.
“Because of that, I would not say that crochet is something that you can do without thinking but you can certainly do it while something else is going on, like when you are watching TV or riding the train.”
Chua finds her crochet supplies from large stores such as Spotlight as well as individual sellers online. A roll of yarn cost between RM5 and RM30, depending on quality and composition such as acrylic, cotton or wool.
What is important is to gauge how much yarn is needed for a project and buy enough of it, so that the colour is consistent throughout. Different brands can have slightly different shades of the same colour, which can ruin the look of the finished item.
Some yarns have different colours along the same thread, which can be used to suit the crocheter’s creativity. Others are thicker and sturdier for making more durable products. There are also yarns made of organic cotton, lyocell and sustainably-sourced wool to meet consumer demand for eco-friendly materials.
USE AND REUSE
Chua’s favourite project so far is her drawstring bag, which she wears to this interview. It has a black and white geometric pattern and is the perfect weekend bag — fashionable and with enough room to fit all her things.
Some of her products are available for purchase through her Instagram account and at the A Day store in Intermark Mall, Kuala Lumpur. She also makes items to give away, although it does not always work out quite the way she had planned.
“I once made a cardigan for a baby but then my mum told me it was too small and did not fit the infant. It is funny because the cardigan looked fine to me although I admit I did not work out the measurements with an actual baby!” she says with a laugh.
Apart from that, Chua uses crochet to get herself and others to become more environmentally-conscious. One of the items that she sells are reusable face pads. It is RM5 and the same size as regular disposable round cotton pads but with a handle at the back so it can be held firmly in place with two fingers.
“It is made of cotton yarn and it is what I use at home to remove make-up. You clean it by hand using soap after each use or even in the washing machine. The pad also works as a soft facial scrub,” she adds.
She makes shopping bags as well, which are stretchable and has a wide opening to put in various fruits and vegetables. The handle is crocheted with a tighter stitch so it is sturdy but still comfortable.
She adds: “One advantage of crochet is that if the project does not turn out the way you wanted it to, you can take it apart just by pulling the thread. There are no knots and you can reuse the yarn for something else, which is what I did with the too-small baby cardigan.”
This also means a crocheted product can be made bigger or smaller simply by unfastening the end, and then increasing or reducing the number of stitches. This should appeal to people who want to alter their clothes to make them last longer, instead of buying new ones.
Semua ibu bapa tahu akan kepentingan “car seat” untuk bayi.
Tetapi ada yang masih berdegil tidak meletakkan anak kecil mereka di dalam tempat itu kerana lemas dengan tangisan bayi yang mungkin tidak selesa diikat di dalam “car seat” tersebut.
Namun anda perlu tahu, ia mampu menyelamatkan nyawa anak anda sekiranya perkara tidak diingini berlaku.
Menjadi contoh kepada insiden yang dikongsi dalam laman sosial Facebook Meme Umaida Taib tentang anaknya yang terselamat dari tercampak keluar semasa kemalangan yang teruk minggu lalu.
Jelasnya, beliau sangat bersyukur kerana telah meletakkan anaknya dalam “car seat”.
Kemalangan tersebut mengakibatkan keretanya terbalik dan jika anda lihat keadaan kereta tersebut, pasti anda berasa mereka sekeluarga akan cedera parah.
Akan tetapi, mereka ditemui dalam keadaan yang selamat dan paling penting anak mereka yang berusia 4 bulan juga tidak mengalami sebarang kecederaan.
Ketika itu, anak mereka berada dalam car seat dan waktu kereta terbalik, anak mereka masih lagi dalam keadaan “buckled up” di “car seat” dan tidak tercampak keluar.
Bayangkan jika anak mereka tidak diletakkan pada “car seat”?
Anda pasti tahu apa akan terjadi, bukan?
Sehubungan itu, Meme Umaida menyeru ibu bapa yang masih berdegil tidak mahu menggunakan “car seat” untuk anak-anak mereka agar mengambil iktibar daripada kejadian ini.
Malang tidak berbau, jika tidak mahu penyesalan di kemudian hari, anda haruslah menambah keselamatan untuk anak anda.
Nyawa tidak boleh dibeli tetapi harta boleh dicari.
Soon, mischievous spirits will no longer roam the land. For this year, at least.
Nationwide, the last Hungry Ghost ceremonies are taking place as the festival month ends on 29 August, by which time the gods will have been sent back to the underworld with, devotees hope, a good year is ensured for the living.
As in every year, weeks are spent preparing for one of the country’s biggest Taoist and Buddhist events, with everyone pitching in to help, except for one demographic group: young people.
Oon Ee Seng of Persatuan Perayaan Yee Lan Bangsar told FMT that Hungry Ghost festival celebrations are still important in the Chinese community, but the younger generation just isn’t as interested.
For the past 39 years, the association has organised grand three-day celebrations during Hungry Ghost month, when the gates of the underworld open and wandering souls and restless spirits are free to roam the world of the living.
“The festival is still very much alive. Nearly everywhere you go you will find festivals organised. But young people do take part but they treat it like a party,” said Oon.
“They don’t care much for the traditional celebrations.”
Most temples, he said, face the same problem as only the older generation is interested in actively maintaining traditions.
For people like 31-year-old Kathlyn Foo, participating in the rituals is not a priority.
“I take precautions according to the taboos, like not going out late at night, but I don’t put out offerings or even go to festivals,” she says, adding that at most she visits her late father’s resting place to offer prayers.
“I think there are many young people like me who just aren’t interested in taking part in the festival. Maybe we take it for granted that the older generation will do it.”
Foo says that in her case, she feels her faith is personal and she believes how she practises it is between her and God.
For Oon and his fellow devotees in Bangsar, the start of their yearly festival is always highly ritualised.
This year the yellow-clad devotees were in high spirits, carrying deities and banners, to welcome Tai Su Yeah, the Lord of Hades.
The gods were borne to tables laden with food donated by members of the public and businesses, everyone hoping to appease the spirits.
Tai Su Yeah and his lieutenants and lesser deities keep watch over the teeming spirits who will come amongst us to enjoy the offerings and entertainment.
Over three days, devotees and members of the public of all races, come to pray to Tai Su Yeah, to ward off illness and to ensure wealth and prosperity.
“We also had food offerings and religious ceremonies for those whose family members have departed,” said Oon. “Also stage shows too, featuring contemporary songs and dances.”
On the final day, the devotees send Tai Su Yeah, his lieutenants and the spirits back to the underworld in a burning ship.
Oon is concerned about the missing young people.
Asked whether he thinks their dwindling interest means such ceremonies are in danger of dying out, he said although numbers are down, some youngsters are still interested in learning the rituals from their elders and are now being prepared to carry on the traditions.
He is optimistic but also realistic. “The tradition will always survive. The Hungry Ghost festival has a legacy of over a thousand years.
“The only uncertainty now is how big or how small it will be.”
Can’t get enough of the delightful taste and aroma of local favourite – the rendang?
Well, now you may also enjoy it while being intimate.
ONE Condoms — the company which added flavours to Malaysians’ sex lives with their durian, nasi lemak and teh tarik condoms — have come up with a new limited edition laced with rendang flavour for its fourth iconic Malaysian series that was introduced in 2016.
The arrival of the new flavour comes in conjunction with Malaysia’s 62nd Independence Day and will be on the market for a brief period only.
In a statement, Karex, which manufactures ONE Condoms said the innovative idea behind the local flavours series is to break the stigma and get people comfortable enough to talk about sex in an educational and beneficial way.
“The end game is simple – pleasurable sex in a safe holistic way which is the ultimate objective of our iconic Malaysian series, now proudly in our fourth year,” the statement reads.
Industry giant Karex, which is the world’s largest condom maker, already offers an array of flavours in numerous textures.
Karex also has other brands under its portfolio which include Carex, Pasante and bespoke condom label called TheyFit.
The “super sensitive” rendang-flavoured condoms come in distinct package designs and are sold in packs of three at major pharmacies and convenience stores nationwide.
RM0.50 will be channelled to PT Foundation, who champions the cause in eradicating HIV, from the sale of each pack from ONE official stores on onecondoms.com, Shopee or Lazada.