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‘Dump old mentality, too’

October 14, 2019 | Environment, Living, People | No Comments

EXT year, all business premises in Klang must be equipped with a 120-litre rubbish bin or risk having their operating licence revoked or their application rejected by the Klang Municipal Council (MPK).

This is the council’s way of clamping down on errant operators who contribute towards illegal dumping of rubbish.

It is also MPK’s move towards having a more systematic rubbish collection in the municipality.

Over the years, the royal town has been plagued with illegal rubbish dumping problems, because irresponsible people threw rubbish by the roadside, back lanes and into drains.

Construction and domestic waste can often be seen on road kerbs and empty plots of land as well as playgrounds and open spaces.

Restaurant owner Ang Chin Teong, who runs restaurants in Bukit Tinggi and Port Klang, supported the ruling.

He added that stray animals could often be seen scavenging through rubbish for food, especially in areas that has food outlets.

“This will also stop stray animals from scavenging through the rubbish and help keep the commercial areas cleaner, ” said Ang, who has placed large rubbish bins of his own outside his two eateries.

Another restaurant owner operating in Jalan Tengku Kelana T. Muthusamy said having proper rubbish bins was important to encourage people to dispose of waste responsibly.

“A majority of shops in my area already have rubbish bins and the area is a lot cleaner as compared to a few years ago, ” he said, adding that people must change their attitude and stop littering.

“There can be 100 rubbish bins placed outside shops, but if people’s mentality does not change, Klang will still be dirty, ” he said.

He lauded the cleaning contractors for working tirelessly to keep Jalan Tengku Kelana clean and rubbish-free.

Resident Mohamed Hussain Mohd Maideen said he noticed the lack of rubbish bins in commercial areas around Klang.

“We often see piles of black rubbish bags on the ground outside the shops.

“Commercial areas in Taman Sri Andalas, Sentosa and near MPK are lacking proper rubbish bins.

“I have also seen people dumping the black bins into the drains, ” he said.

He urged MPK to provide rubbish bins to all houses and commercial lots to standardise rubbish disposal and prevent illegal dumping.

“MPK should look into providing leach bins at hotspots to tackle illegal rubbish dumping, ” he said.

In Petaling Jaya, he said, each house is given a rubbish bin by Petaling Jaya City Council (MBPJ) to keep the city clean.

Taman Klang Jaya Residents Association chairman S. Tilaka said market traders should also be provided with rubbish bins.

“They need to have their own bins to throw rubbish in a responsible manner.

“In my neighbourhood, the market is operated by many foreigners and rubbish is a huge problem here, ” she said, adding that a permanent solution was needed to tackle this problem and urged MPK enforcement officers to carry out their duties more diligently.

Sentosa assemblyman G. Gunaraj was glad MPK was taking a tougher approach regarding rubbish disposal at shops and restaurants.

“Most shops in Klang are not equipped with rubbish bins and the rubbish ends up on the road.

“The owners are at risk of getting slapped with a RM1,000 compound.

“With rubbish bins, it will be easier to monitor if rubbish contractors are doing their jobs as per schedule.

“If the bins are still full, then we can call the contractors, but if littering continues then we know it is not their fault, ” he said.

MPK corporate communications director Norfiza Mahfiz said all business premises were notified about the new ruling.

“We have issued notices to business owners about the regulations for next year’s licence renewals and they all must have a rubbish bin to get it approved, ” she said.

Kumpulan Darul Ehsan (KDEB) Waste Management Sdn Bhd managing director Ramli Mohd Tahir lauded the move as it would keep the area cleaner.

“Traders nowadays simply throw their waste by the roadside and it looks very dirty.

“The bins will make it easier for us to collect rubbish, ” he said.

KDEB Waste Management took over rubbish collection and cleaning operations in the state since July 2016.

-thestar

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Residents of Taman Megah Ria flats now have a cleaner environment, thanks to volunteers from the Calvary City Church who helped clean up the area and make it safer and better for them.

One of the residents, Stella Jungan, 32, said the block was a sorry sight with rubbish left lying around, including old mattresses and broken furniture.

“After the gotong-royong, the pathway is clear and in general the area is clean.

“The volunteers also conducted free medical health checks and many of us took the opportunity to get ourselves tested, ” said the mother of two.

Security guard S. Rajan, 44, who has lived in the flat with his wife and daughter for the past four years, said he was happy the premises was now cleaner and nicer.

“Some of the residents here have tried to clean up the area but found it difficult. Soon after a cleaning session, it will be dirty again.

“Hopefully, all will be more responsible and help keep our area clean, ” he said.

The gotong-royong was organised by Transformation Welfare Society, a missionary arm of Calvary City Church.

Project manager Pastor Reuben Vincent, 27, said the flat houses some 500 underprivileged families, with about 90% of them coming from Sabah and Sarawak.

“I saw the condition at the flats when I visited one of the families living here and decided to mobilise help to make it a cleaner and healthier environment for the residents, ” he said.

He added that a feeding programme was also held previously, where food was given out to some 50 families.

“In March, we held a health carnival where we provided free medical checks and held health talks as well as conducted games for the children living here.

“The gotong-royong this time involved volunteers aged between 13 and 70 years old, ” he said.

He added that the group also goes door-to-door to create awareness on the need for proper disposal of rubbish.

Event operations manager Sebastian Benjamin, 33, said besides rubbish the flats had water and electricity issues.

“We cleared a lot of rubbish along the corridors of the flats which were also flooded.

“This place was also listed as one of the hot spots for dengue fever and we hope this activity will help to reduce such health risks, ” he said.

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Getting your feet wet in a new activity can be difficult at any age, especially if you’ve got to get the rest of your body wet too. But learning how to swim in adulthood is more difficult than in your youth, in part because you may have developed a fear of water.

Overcoming the fear is worth it though, any health and fitness expert will tell you. Swimming is a very healthy exercise, particularly for adults. It’s easy on their joints since the buoyancy of water reduces the impact on them.

“In water we only have to carry 20% to 25% of our body weight,” says Janina-Kristin Goetz, an instructor in the Department of Sport Science at Ruhr University in Bochum, Germany.

Consequently, swimming in warm water can even be relaxing, and in cold water it boosts the body’s energy turnover and causes metabolism to pick up. It’s a full-body exercise as nearly all of your muscles are used.

Also, you can control the stress on your muscles easily, so swimming is well suited to rehabilitation as well as physical conditioning. But, swimming isn’t a magic recipe for fitness since mastery of proper technique is important. This is especially true of the breaststroke.

“As it’s commonly swum, the breaststroke causes massive problems in the neck area and frequently in the lower spine as well,” says Ulrike Urbaniak, who heads the masters sport division of the German Swimming Federation. The reason is the awkward posture of your head if you want to keep it above water.

Especially for adults who are learning to swim, the backstroke is a good way to get started. Breathing, in particular, is easier – you can do it in your own rhythm since your mouth and nose are usually above water.

The first step in becoming a swimmer isn’t proper breathing rhythm or overall technique, but simply getting used to being in the water. Like kids, adults should accustom themselves gradually to being in contact with the element.

“Just splashing about is most important of all,” Urbaniak says, noting that adults need considerably more time to acclimatise to water than children do. Games or simple exercises, such as those done in water aerobics, can help.

Proper technique is also usually harder for adults. “Our motor skills improve from birth until the age of 20. After 30, they decline,” Goetz explains. This is why adults are often unable to master the finer points of swimming technique. An adult’s personal motivation is therefore more important than technique.

If you’re embarrassed by learning to swim at an advanced age or extremely afraid of water, you’ll likely have a rough time of it. You’d then best be served by joining a swimming club, many of which offer special courses for adults – even total neophytes.

“For adults, fear is indeed the main obstacle, and it can be overcome by special exercises and a step-by-step approach,” says swimming club instructor Christina Krusenbaum. So why not take the plunge?

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Many parents see a smartwatch as the perfect alternative to a smartphone for their child, especially at the start of secondary school.

The child can make and receive calls from a set of contacts that parents choose, send and receive voice mail, and press an SOS button that alerts parents in an emergency.

But that’s not all. Thanks to a GPS tracker, Mama and Papa can follow the child’s location on their smartphones.

They can also keep tabs on who the child speaks with on the watch phone.

Media experts warn against excessive supervision, however, such as using a smartwatch voice-monitoring feature that allows parents to hear ambient noise without being heard themselves.

“This infringes on the child’s freedom and privacy,” says Kristin Langer, a media coach for a Ger-man group that is backed by the federal government and public broadcasters, that advises parents and teachers on children’s use of digital media.

She says teachers have told her that some parents even listen in on their child’s classes.

“It’s illegal to tap into schools, which aren’t public spaces,” Langer points out, adding that starting school is a step towards independence for a child, and entering secondary school a further step.

“Children who learn that their parents are eavesdropping on them via the watch or reading their chats, or who are questioned, ‘Who were you gabbing with on the corner for 15 minutes,’ feel it to be a major betrayal of trust,” she warns.

Langer recommends that parents configure the smartwatch together with the child and that they jointly decide on the features to be used.

“If the child can confidently use the internet and behave responsibly, he or she can also use a childproofed smartphone,” she says.

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In The Picture Of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde wrote, “Children begin by loving their parents; as they grow older they judge them; sometimes they forgive them.”

This week, a reader got in touch to talk about their “conflicting feelings” towards their parents, asking whether it was “OK to feel angry and disappointed at some of the things they’ve done”.

Describing the emotional baggage that parents pass onto their children, the English poet Philip Larkin paints a picture of inherited trauma in his noted work, This Be The Verse.

For Larkin, parents were people who damaged their children, but he stresses that it’s not intentional on their part: our parents were, in turn, damaged by their own upbringing.

Dealing with this dilemma can provoke powerful emotions. For most of us, our parents gave us everything and they provided us with many of the blessings we now enjoy. In religious teachings, all the main traditions agree that to repay what our parents did (and continue to do) for us is virtually impossible.

On the other hand, there’s no denying that many of us have feelings that our parents let us down in ways that continue to affect us, and no doubt our parents will have felt similarly towards theirs.

In my own experience, I struggled for a long time suppressing uncomfortable feelings that I had towards my parents. To criticise or feel ill towards them to any degree just felt wrong. Everything I had was thanks to my parents, regardless of their flaws and faults.

But what I discovered in this struggle was a truth that applies to any discomfort we try to suppress: the longer we try to deny or ignore how we feel, the more those feelings fester, strengthen, and grow.

The psychoanalyst Carl Jung believed that, however hard we might try to suppress unpleasant emotions, they will always find a way to express themselves. This can be through our conduct and behaviour and, in severe cases, even manifest in physical symptoms such as skin rashes.

It’s important to recognise that it’s perfectly OK to feel any emotions that arise – to deny that we feel any other way than we do is simply going to compound the issue and potentially make it worse.

Of course, what we do with those feelings is also important. Acting out on strong emotions is rarely helpful, but what is useful is to process them in a healthy way that acknowledges, “OK, this is how I’m feeling, and this is the reason”.

When we’re able to process feelings in a constructive manner, for example, through doing a daily journal, talking to a trusted friend, or speaking to a counsellor or therapist, we also allow for a better understanding as well as seeing things beyond the strength of our emotions.

Let’s say we continue to suppress our anger and disappointment towards our parents (or anyone else). There’s a good chance that, as these feelings bubble beneath the surface, the focus will always be on the mistakes our parents made, how they let us down, and on our guilt for feeling this way. In short, we cling strongly to that sense of misery.

But when we deal with our emotions, we allow our feelings room to breathe and start to feel less constricted as the anger and disappointment starts to fade. Once we give ourselves that permission to express our thoughts and emotions, we can see the bigger picture that our parents are just as flawed and unsure as we are. No baby ever came with an instruction manual or a “first-year stress-free” guarantee.

Deep-seated inner conflict can take time to process and resolve, but we need to understand that none of us are machines. We should allow ourselves to feel – and be OK with feeling – uncomfortable emotions.

Our feelings exist for a reason. Of course, we should have understanding and compassion for others, and there is also room for us to be honest about how we are inside. Compassion for others needn’t be to the exclusion of compassion for ourselves, and nor should it.

We all have expectations of how we should act and be around others, and having standards helps to maintain the society we live in. However, when we allow strict standards to dictate how we think and feel, it often causes problems when we try to reconcile how we think we should feel with how we’re actually feeling.

This internal tug-o-war causes a lot of unnecessary suffering, which can begin to be resolved if we treat ourselves with the kindness, care, and understanding that we’ve been taught to offer others. If we can do that, then we might find that the emotional weight we’ve been carrying begins to lift.

When we stop struggling with our internal conflicts, this catharsis helps us to understand that our parents and loved ones were never perfect to begin with, and with that realization we are relieved of the expectation to be perfect.

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Wonderful treat for nature lovers

August 21, 2019 | Event, Living, News | No Comments

LUCKY participants of Penang Starwalk 2019 stand to enjoy a wondrous time getting close to nature at Entopia by Penang Butterfly Farm.

The award-winning attraction in Teluk Bahang has generously sponsored 100 sets of entry tickets worth RM15,600 for the event’s prize pool.

Its chief of sales and marketing May Ang said each set comprises two adult and two children’s passes worth RM156, with a validity period of six months.

“Entopia is a magical place for adults and children to escape the hustle and bustle of city life.

“Come experience the wonders of nature in exciting ways.

“Leave your electronic gadgets behind when you visit us. Rejuvenate and de-stress at Entopia,” Ang said after handing over the tickets to Star Media Group client brand marketing senior representative Sandy Kow recently.

Entopia and its predecessor the Penang Butterfly Farm has a long-standing partnership with Starwalk.

Entopia’s lush 100,000sq ft space is home to around 150 species of butterflies, insects, reptiles and amphibians.

At any one time, there can be up to 15,000 beautiful butterflies from 60 different species fluttering about its cavernous enclosure.

Around 1,000 newly hatched butterflies are released each day.

Penang Starwalk 2019 will be held at Gurney Drive on Sept 22. It is organised by Star Media Group Bhd.

The official venue provider is Gurney Paragon Mall while F&N Beverages Marketing Sdn Bhd is the official beverage.

The event’s platinum sponsor is YTL Communications Sdn Bhd.

Indofood (M) Food Industries Sdn Bhd, Wiitrac Elevator Sdn Bhd, Health4U Solutions Sdn Bhd, Penang Turf Club and Ewein Zenith Sdn Bhd are the silver sponsors.

The 7km non-competitive walk is expected to be flagged off by Yang di-Pertua Negri Tun Abdul Rahman Abbas from Gurney Paragon Mall.

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What sound does a pen make? If I told you that it says, “swoosh”, you’re likely thinking right about now that I am in need of a long nap and a week off work.

Let’s suppose for the time being that a pen does say, “swoosh”. If I asked you to repeat this a few times then asked you in a month’s time what a pen says, do you think you could recall the answer? How about in six months’ time?

If I were to do this exercise with you, we might spend about 20 to 30 seconds going over that same line, “A pen says ‘swoosh’”. In just half a minute, your mind would learn something new that it would be able to recollect half a year from now.

By this point, you might be wondering, “What’s so great about that?” In one short, half-minute exercise, our mind has processed something that a pen says. Regardless of the facts or the silliness of the statement, the mind nevertheless takes it in and stores it away in our memory bank.

Now let’s imagine the effect on our minds when we tell ourselves things which, regardless of their accuracy, become deeply imprinted after repeating the same unhelpful messages.

For example, how many of us tell ourselves, “I’m no good”, or “I’m useless”, or, “No matter how much I try, it’s never enough”? If you’re someone who relates to these thoughts, there’s a good chance you’ve spent much longer than 30 seconds telling yourselves these things. Perhaps you’ve been repeating them for years to the point where you’ve started to feel like you embody these messages.

When we internalise unhelpful ideas about ourselves, it becomes increasingly difficult to separate who we are from the thoughts we believe. We become “fused” with our thoughts – so much so that whenever someone praises us, we find it impossible to accept their kind words.

In mindfulness practice, there’s a focus on two “selves”: the thinking self and the observing self. The thinking self is the one that gets caught up in all our mental stories; it’s that part of us that reminds us of the time we scored a B when our parents expected an A. It’s that part of us that reminds us of all our past mistakes, the part that that is often on hand with a criticism or two.

The observing self takes a different approach. It simply watches our thoughts, neither identifying with nor dismissing them. It looks on as though our thoughts are being played out on a stage and watches the performance. When our observer self wants to, it can engage with the thoughts if they’re useful; otherwise, it just carries on watching the performance.

So how do we develop more of the observing self? We all have it within us already – the fact that you can notice them shows that you’re not your thoughts. There’s no need to identify with or get hooked by them.

If I may indulge in some more silliness, an effective way to cultivate our observing self is to give the thinking self a name. For example, you might call your thinking self “Steve”, or “Mastura”, or “Spartacus” – whatever you like. Please don’t worry, this exercise won’t create a split personality – it’s effective, but it’s not that powerful!

The idea is that our thinking self, “Steve” in this case, becomes our friend. Steve can be mischievous sometimes, a little pesky, but he’s usually well-intentioned. So we accept Steve for who he is, although we don’t take everything he says seriously.

In developing our observing self, we have a quick word with Steve whenever he suggests something unhelpful. Be sure to use your thinking voice in these interactions, otherwise you might get some funny looks as you walk around the shopping mall.

When Steve says, “I’m no good, I’ll never get through this presentation,” we reply, “Thanks for your opinion, Steve. You said that the last time, and the time before that, and everything was fine. You’ll forgive me if I don’t ask you to predict the lottery numbers.”

Each time Steve – or whatever you call your thinking mind – tells you something that is negative, unhelpful and overly-cautious, you can choose to reply in a way that gently ridicules whatever thoughts arise. Of course, sometimes Steve will say something worth listening to, and so the observer self (that’s you) can choose to follow his advice if it’s helpful to do so.

By cultivating our observing self, we separate ourselves from our thoughts so that we no longer become fused with them and we stop identifying with them. It takes time and effort and will feel silly at first but give it a try if you feel like you’re continually having to deal with unhelpful thoughts. In time, you’ll start to see your self-worth and confidence grow, and you’ll also get to enjoy the added bonus of some inner peace as Steve becomes much quieter.

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How do we help those in need?

I remember when I was in school, there used to be a scheme to help students from low-income families. They would get free nasi lemak on some mornings, when they would be told to line up in the canteen.

This is a great idea. Hungry children make poor students, so giving them food both helps them avoid hunger and improve their grades.

Problem is, not every student who qualified would want to be identified as being poor. So the benefit offered by the government didn’t always reach its intended target.

I wish I had understood better what was going on then, I might have shared some of the food I had during recess with them.

These days, I’m still willing to buy food if somebody comes up to me at a food court or hawker centre asking for money. But they don’t always accept, and I don’t always offer, depending on whether they look genuine or not.

I mean, we’d like to assume that most people who beg genuinely need money. But there are stories in the press of beggars earning hundreds of ringgit per day, and one which said that during Ramadan it was possible to get up to RM1,000.

We can wring our hands and fret that people are so easily abusing Malaysians’ generosity. Or we should be grateful that there are people out there who genuinely want to help and are willing to contribute. It’s just that it’s hard to figure out who is for real and who is not.

Perhaps this is why Women, Family and Community Development Deputy Minister Hannah Yeoh said recently that Malaysians shouldn’t provide alms to beggars. Specifically, she said that Malaysians should channel donations to the National Welfare Foundation (YKN), which will then channel funds to the appropriate parties.

It’s not the first time that the Malaysian government has tried to deter the public from being too generous with beggars. For example, in 2012, one of the objectives of Kar1sma (Transformasi Kebajikan Rakyat 1 Malaysia, or 1Malaysia People Welfare Transformation Plan) was to reduce begging, especially in Kuala Lumpur, including by educating the public that if you gave alms to beggars, it could contribute to issues of drug abuse, prostitution and homelessness.

Then, in 2014, the Federal Territories Minister at the time, Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor, announced that soup kitchens should not be allowed to operate in central KL, saying that it “encourages people to be jobless and homeless”, and that it was “necessary in order to create a disciplined society” (“Tengku Adnan: Soup kitchens banned within 2km radius of city centre”, The Star, July 3, 2014).

The thing is, this sort of messaging hasn’t worked. When I talked to friends and family about no longer giving money, the reaction was “I sort of understand, but I’m still going to help people”.

The feeling is, if you see somebody who is obviously in need of help, how can you turn away? And if you have to cast them as villains in your mind, then aren’t we encouraging a society in which we expect the worst from each other?

In fact, Tengku Adnan’s announcement coincided with Ramadan, a month during which, for Muslims, helping the poor is actively encouraged.

There was tremendous pushback from various parties, which meant that he had to renege on his policy promise. For the public, I think it was generally accepted that to turn your back on those that need help cannot be considered progress.

So what could a solution be? A survey of 23 people found begging in KL in September 2014 was an attempt to better understand the situation by researchers from Florida International University and Universiti Malaya.

First things first, the overwhelming reason why the people surveyed said they begged was because they were struggling with financial difficulties. They couldn’t hold down a regular job due to illness, or because they had no family or social support.

Those surveyed gave varied accounts of how much money they received by begging (anywhere between RM120 and RM290 per week), but all agreed the income was inconsistent.

From that, on average they spend between RM155 and RM185 per week on living expenses. A quarter (four people) of those surveyed admitted they spent money on alcohol and drugs.

And perhaps most relevant to the point of this article, although three quarters of those surveyed knew the government had aid programmes they might qualify for, only 25% of those surveyed had actually successfully received benefits.

I am hesitant to use a single survey of just under two dozen people as an accurate representation of the bigger picture. Or even assume they are all telling the truth. But should it be surprising that people who lack resources find it hard to navigate government bureaucracy?

Which brings us back around to the question of whether it’s better to give money directly or to channel funds to a central body. Or just buy somebody who’s hungry a plate of nasi lemak.

I honestly still don’t know what the correct answer is.

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New American research has found that music may calm the nerves before the use of regional anaesthesia just as effectively as medication.

Carried out by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, the new study looked at whether listening to calming music could be as effective for reducing anxiety as midazolam, the sedative drug commonly used before regional anaesthesia.

Regional anaesthesia, also known as a peripheral nerve block, is a type of anaesthetic procedure done under ultrasound guidance and used to numb a specific region of the body.

The study included 157 participants, 80 of whom who were randomly assigned to receive 1-2 milligrammes of midazolam, injected three minutes before the use of a peripheral nerve block.

The remaining 77 listened to Marconi Union’s Weightless series of music via noise-canceling headphones for three minutes, a track that is considered to be one of the most relaxing in the world.

The patients’ levels of anxiety were scored before and after the use of each anxiety-calming method.

The researchers also measured satisfaction among both patients and doctors using a 10-point scale, with 0 reflecting the lowest level of satisfaction.

The findings, published online in the journal Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, showed that listening to the music appeared to have a similar effect as midazolam in reducing anxiety before regional anaesthesia.

However, the patients who listened to music were less satisfied than those given midazolam, which the researchers say could be due to patients not being given a choice of music.

There was no difference in satisfaction levels among doctors, although both patients and doctors reported that it was harder to communicate when music was used as the calming method, possibly because of the noise-canceling headphones and the volume of the music.

Although previous studies have already shown that music medicine is effective in significantly decreasing preoperative anxiety, until now it has not been directly compared with intravenous (IV) midazolam.

Music medicine is an intervention that is also virtually harm-free and relatively inexpensive, whereas drugs such as midazolam can have side effects, including affecting breathing, disturbing blood flow and actually increasing levels of agitation and hostility.

Although comparing the two interventions for just three minutes may have been too short and more research is needed, the researchers still conclude that music could be an effective alternative to midazolam for calming anxiety before the use of regional anaesthesia.

“However,” they caution, “further studies are warranted to evaluate whether or not the type of music, as well as how it is delivered, offers advantages over midazolam that outweigh the increase in communication barriers.”

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Work in progress: MRT2 on track

June 25, 2019 | Living | No Comments

The MRT Sungai Buloh-Serdang-Putrajaya (SSP) Line, also known as MRT2, is seeing steady progress as it heads for timely completion.

As part of the Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit (KVMRT) network, the SSP Line is expected to serve a two million-catchment population, targeted for full operation by July 2022.

Currently being built by MMC Gamuda as the turnkey contractor, the SSP alignment spans a distance of 52.2km and 35 stations – of which 11 are underground stations covering 13.5km.

“Progress of the underground works for the SSP Line stands at 54.95% as at end May, with all 11 stations currently being constructed at variable depths between 20m and 40m below ground,” said Gamuda Engineering managing director Datuk Ubull Din Om.

“Despite the complexity of underground works in the highly volatile ground conditions of KL city centre, we have overcome these challenges by leveraging our experience and expertise. We will deliver the project on schedule.”

Ubull said 10 tunnel boring machines are now mining concurrently, with two more to be deployed by the third quarter of this year.

Prior to the MRT2 Line, MMC Gamuda constructed the 9.5km-long Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART) and the MRT Sungai Buloh-Kajang (SBK) Line.

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